Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi
Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana,India
 Sponsored by
Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi
Research Content
Assessing the Existing Training and Testing Facilities for Farm Machinery in India: Compilation and Consolidation of Reports

           The study was conducted by 13 Agro Economic Research Centres to assess the training and testing facilities for farm machines in their respective regions/states and to come out with state specific suggestions and policy implications. Study found that in Andhra Pradesh, SRFMT & TI, Garladinne was working very efficiently in achieving its objectives. But it is the only institute providing training and testing facilities on a large scale in the state and supply of these services fell short of the requirement in the state. This deficiency may increase in the future unless appropriate steps are taken to create the additional infrastructure for providing farm machinery training and testing facilities. The SRFMT & TI must also increase efforts to bring the basic training to the doorstep of the farmer and must design some women oriented courses. The duration of some courses may also be increased to get better results. Experts feel that testing could be limited keeping the cost and volume in view. The FMT & TI, Biswanath chariali is sufficient to cater the needs of training and testing in North Eastern states of the country. But it should be made a fully fledged institute by removing all the shortcomings in its infrastructure. The testing unit of the center may take up research and development activities to evolve locally need based lighter and less costly farm machinery for these states. The local language may be used as medium of instruction in the center so that trainees may interact freely with the professional staff. The Bihar state completely lacks the training and testing infrastructural facilities. Majority of the farmers had to travel a long distance to get the trainings from FMT &TIs. The testing facilities were available only at agricultural workshop at Patna on a very limited scale. The expert opinion was unanimous for establishment of training and testing center in the state at Sabour (Bhagalpur) as it is located at the border of Jharkhand state and near to West Bengal. Hence, greater and more efficient utilization of facilities can be available to Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and even Sikkim. Budni institute and Gujarat Agricultural University campuses were the major source of disseminating the training facilities in farm machinery for Gujarat farmers. As Budni is located for away from Gujarat, hence, there is a need for consolidation and extension of training programmes within Gujarat. The Budni institute of M.P was the only nearest center with statutory recognition for tractor testing. Hence, there is strong case for establishing testing facilities for tractors of less than 10 HP within Gujarat. The performance of testing center at NSIC, Rajkot is satisfactory but the Government should make necessary additional provision of facilities for this purpose and also give required statutory recognition to the center. The experts suggested establishing FMT &TI in GAU campuses at Dantiwala, Anand and Navsari which might also be developed as supportive centers, especially for training. In Haryana the training and testing infrastructure of NRFMT & TI was adequate but the addition of a few tractors and computers along with upgradation/addition to the testing facilities may increase the efficiency of the institute. The training should be made more practical and more credit facilities should be provided to the trainees to set up their own ventures for repair and maintenance of farm machinery. The position of farm mechanization in Himachal Pradesh was dismal and based on the present trend not likely to improve in near future. The topography, economic condition of farm and size of land holdings in the state suggests that focus should be for the development and introduction of small manually efficient and animal driven implements, which can improve the production on marginal and small farms. Keeping in view the present level of farm mechanization in the state, there is neither any need nor any justification in establishing FMT & TI in the near future. The training facilities on different aspects of farm machinery were adequate in Karnataka but more emphasis should be towards field demonstrations and practical oriented training programmes. There was only one testing center for farm machinery in the state at GKVK campus. But due to inadequate staff the manufacturers have experienced long delays incurring huge losses to them. Experts opined that necessary steps should be taken in the state to establish four testing centers at Dharwad, Gulburga, Koppal and Chtradurga or preferably attach them to the nearby Krishi Vigyan Kendras. The training facilities at CFMT& TI, Budni in Madhya Pradesh were adequate. During the training, more attention and period should be devoted to repairs, workshop management and intensive training of some specialized machinery. There is need to install emission test facility and ROPs test facility at the center. The experts suggested that training and testing infrastructure should be developed at Jabalpur, Gwalior and Indore under the control of JNKVV, Jabalpur. The state of Maharashtra had several testing centers for minor farm implements and machinery but majority of these suffered from lack of infrastructural facilities to undertake training programmes for the farmers mainly due to shortage of funds. The existing testing facilities in the state were also not satisfactory due to lack of instruments and trained persons to perform testing and excessive time taken to complete testing of farm implements and machinery. Two training and testing centers had already been established under the control of Mahatma Phule Agricultural University, Rahuri and Dr.Punjabrao Agricultural University, Akola. However, these centers need to be provided the required infrastructure to enable them to work efficiently as full fledged testing and training centers. Additional two training centers may be established at Marathwadra Agricultural University, Parbhani and Konkan Agricultural University, Dapoli. In Rajasthan, two agricultural universities at Bikaner and Udaipur had been imparting training to farmers on different aspects of farm machines. These training programmes were not satisfactory due to lack of funds and inadequate staff. The present testing facilities are also inadequate in the state and a proposal was submitted to ICAR for establishment of farm machinery testing center at CTAE, Udaipur. The Rajasthan Government has also proposed a site for the training and testing institute in the Sikar district. In Punjab, the present training infrastructure was almost negligible. There is needed to start a large number of small duration courses for the farmers as well as the extension workers so that the benefits of mechanization reach the farming community at faster rate. The present testing infrastructure in the state was not even sufficient to take care of present level of farm machines. Thus, there is need to increase the human as well as physical resources in the testing centers. From thorough discussions with the farm machinery experts it emerged out that the proper location of the suggested FMT & TI in the state is Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. The state of Uttar Pradesh had to depend upon its meager training facility in the state and to sponsor the trainees to other states and to FMT & TIs at Budni and Hissar. The testing facilities are also completely lacking in the state. It was suggested that training and testing centers should be opened at Naini Agriculture Institute, Allahabad, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut and Agriculture Management Centre, Lucknow. The training facilities exclusively dealing with farm machinery were almost insignificant in West Bengal. At present, only one NGO had been organizing the training on different aspects of farm machinery in the state and neither of the state departments nor are agricultural universities engaged in it. Besides, the state had no infrastructure for testing of farm machinery. The experts suggested an immediate need for establishment of training and testing institutes in the state at the Palli Siksha Bhavana (Agricultural Institute) of Visva Bharati or at Bidhan Chandra Krishi Vishwavidhyalay, Mohanpur Nadia. Besides, one center mainly for tractor may be established at Burdwan and another for small type of agricultural equipment in between Siliguri and Cooch-Behar in North Bengal.